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CALCULATORS ON-LINE CENTER

PART I: A-E


CALENDARS, CAMERAS, CANALS & SHIPS, CLOCKS & SUNDIALS

(Calculators, Applets, Spreadsheets,
and where Applicable includes: Courses, Manuals,
Handbooks, Simulations, Animations, Videos, etc.)



US/Pacific: Thursday, October 23, 2014
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Currently the Calculators On-Line Center contains
over "23,525" Calculators & Spreadsheets,

over "4,305" Courses, Lectures, Manuals, Handbooks,
& "1,000's" of Movies, Videos, Simulations & Animations


Calendar & Date Conversion


Cameras & Photography


Canals & Ships


Clocks, Watches & Time ~ Sundials ~ Sun Compasses



Calculators On-Line Center, Part I:A-E



Calculators On-Line Center









Calendar & Date Conversion Calculators


Calendars & Date Conversions - All Inclusive


Arabic/Islamic ~ Aztec ~ Chinese ~ English ~ Indian (India)


Japanese ~ Jewish, Hebrew ~ Julian ~ Lufkan ~ Mayan, Mesoamerican


Medieval ~ Persian ~ Roman ~ Vietnamese











Cameras - Photography


Photography Tools,
Photography Courses, Lessons, Technical Reports, etc. (All Inclusive)



Depth of Field ~ Field of View


Hyperfocal, Near Field & Far Field ~ Lens ~ Optical


Film Development ~ Panorama Production


35mm ~ Digital Cameras


Broadcast Cameras ~ CCTV & Security Cameras


Microscopy Cameras ~ OEM Cameras ~ Pinhole Cameras


Photomicrography ~ Telescope Cameras ~ Underwater Cameras


Sunrise/Sunset, Sun's Position, Moon Phase, etc.




    Photography Tools, Photography Courses, Lessons, Technical Reports, etc.


      PHOTOGRAPHY CALCULATORS (OVERVIEW)

        LIGHTING TOOLS: EXPOSURE CALCULATOR - EGGCLAC - Lighttools Inc. VERY EXTENSIVE.
        EggCalc - Exposure Calculator
          "... assumes that you are using a perfect diffuser. If you can easily see the light source through the diffusion material, then the light is being only partially diffused, and EggCalc will produce only approximate results. Even so, these results will be much better than trying to guess with the inverse square law..."
          "...Egg Calc is based on an evenly diffused source such as bounced light exiting through full diffusion material...Minimal center axis change in exposure begins at a distance of 3-4 times the diagonal dimensions of the diffuser;..."
        EggCalc - Exposure Calculator INPUT Values include:
          "...Diffuser (Model; Style; Width; Height); Meter Position (Horizontal; Vertical; Distance)..."
        For more information see Technical Data or Lighttools




        PHOTOGRAPHY CALCULATORS - Max Lyons Digital Image Gallery VERY VERY EXTENSIVE.
        Photography Calculators include:
          Depth of Field Calculator
            "...computes depth of field, based on aperture, focal length, distance to subject and Circle of Confusion (CoC)..."
          Parallax Calculator
            "...computes the degree of parallax error that occurs when a camera is rotated around a point that isn't the nodal point. This is useful for photographers who take a sequence of images to be stitched into a panorama..."
          Angular Field of View Calculator
            "...computes the angular field of view for a lens of a specified focal length on a 35mm camera..."
          Dimensional Field of View Calculator
            "...computes the field of view, measured in feet or meters, for a lens of a specified focal length on a 35mm camera. For most modern digital SLR cameras a focal length multiplier of greater than 1 is appropriate..."
          Mosaic Calculator
            "...computes the number of images and lens focal lengths required to create a mosaic image covering the same field of view as a single image..."
        For more information see Max Lyons Digital Image Gallery



        PHOTOGRAPHY CALCULATORS - B. Chandler, The Imaginatorium VERY VERY EXTENSIVE. For more information see The Imaginatorium



      PHOTOGRAPHY DATABSES, COURSES, LESSONS, TECHNICAL REPORTS, ETC.

        PHOTO.NET - Photo.net, NameMedia, Inc. Multimedia Photography Lessons (Text, Images, Videos/Movies & Calculators). VERY VERY VERY...EXTENSIVE.
        Photo.net
          "...is an online community for photographers to connect and discuss photography, explore galleries, share photographs, and learn more about the art of photography. The site began in 1993 as Philip Greenspun's personal home page at MIT and has grown to become a community of more than ..."
        Examples from over "50" Photography Subject Categories include
          "...Digital Darkroom;
            Digital Technology & Technique;
            Color Management Primer;
            Image Retouching; etc.
          Wedding Photography;
          Photography Technique;
            Nature Photography;
            Making Photographs: A Textbook for New Photographers;
            Multimedia Photography;
            Lighting Tutorial Series; etc.
          Photo Equipment Guides;
          Travel Photography;
          Film Photography Resources; etc..."
        For more information see Photo.net



        DIGITAL CAMERA - Cambridge in Colour, Sean T. McHugh Multimedia Digital Camera Lessons (Text, Images & Calculators). VERY VERY VERY...EXTENSIVE.
        Available in English, French, German, Italian, Portuguese & Russian.
        Digital Camera
          "...Learn how to take and edit digital photographs using visual tutorials that emphasize concept over procedure, independent of specific digital camera or lens. Topics range from basic camera tips to advanced techniques..."
        Examples of "Digital Camera" Subject Categories include
          "...Concepts & Terminology;
          Camera Equipment;
          Photo Editing & Post-Processing;
          Color Management & Printing;
          Photography Techniques & Styles; etc..."
        For more information see Cambridge in Colour



        SPECTRAL SELECTIVITY - E. Scott & H. Bewley Multimedia Photography Lessons (Text & Images). VERY VERY EXTENSIVE.
        Spectral selectivity
          "...is a technique for creating images which uses intentionally limited ranges of radiation in the ultraviolet, visible or infrared portions of the spectrum..."
        Examples of "Spectral Selectivity" Subject Categories include
          "...Color Vision;
          Reproduction of Color;
          Photographic Spectral Sensitivity;
          Filtering Spectrum;
          Masking Spectrum;
          Infrared Photography;
          Ultraviolet Photography; etc..."
        For more information see Photo.net



        BLACK & WHITE DARKROOM - Barry McCartney Multimedia Darkroom Lessons (Text & Images). VERY VERY VERY...EXTENSIVE.
        Black and White Darkroom
          "... The home darkroom is more than a place to quickly produce a stack of black and white prints. It is a place where you, as an avid photographer can go, to produce a photographic print that is truly your own - not one knocked off by the local photo lab..."
        Examples of "Black and White Darkroom" Subject Categories include
          "...Photo-Chemistry;
          Image Composition;
          The Room;
          Design & Construction;
          Equipment;
          Ventilation;
          Chemicals - Film & Print;
          Film Development;
          Making The Print;
          Paper Types;
          Paper Data Tables;
          "Push" & "Pull" Processing;
          "Burning" & "Dodging";
          Filters; etc..."



        PHOTOGRAPHIC TECHNICAL DATA INDEX - Digitaltruth Photo, Houston, Texas Multimedia Film Development Lessons & Technical Reports (Text & Images). VERY VERY VERY...EXTENSIVE.
        Examples of "Photographic Technical Data Index" Subject Categories includes:
          "...Camera;
          Toners;
          Intensifiers;
          Reducers;
          Print Developers
          Film Developers
            General Purpose;
            Fine Grain;
            Ascorbic acid;
            High Acutance;
            Push Processing;
            High Contrast;
            Low Contrast/Soft-working;
            Tropical;
            Lantern Plate; etc..."
        For more information see Digitaltruth Photo



        PHOTOSHOP - Worth1000, LLC Multimedia Photoshop Technical Reports & Instructions (Text & Images). VERY VERY VERY...EXTENSIVE.
        Worth1000
          "...a community of mostly Photoshop users who use their skills to manipulate images for the respect of others,..."
        Photoshop Lessons
          "...Includes over "70" different Photos with Step-by-Step instructions using Photoshop..."
        For more information see Worth1000, LLC



        THE MASSIVE DEVELOPMENT CHART - Digitaltruth Photo, Houston, Texas Multimedia Film Development Technical Reports (Text & Images). VERY VERY VERY...EXTENSIVE.
          Back & White (B/W) Film Development INPUT Values include:
            Select from over "50" different Films
              "...Adox; Agfapan; APX; AGFA; Berger; Eastman; Efke; Fuji; Kodak; etc..."
            Select from over "60" different Developers
              "...Acutol; Atomal; Beutler; D-19; Dektol; Emofin; Hypercat; etc..."
          Back & White (B/W) Film Development OUTPUT Values include:
            "...Film; Developer; Dilution; ASA/ISO; 35mm; 120; Sheet; Temperature; Notes..."
        For more information see Digitaltruth Photo




    Depth of Field


      DEPTH-OF-FIELD CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS

        DEPTH-OF-FIELD CALCULATOR - DOFMaster, D. Fleming VERY VERY VERY...EXTENSIVE.
        Depth of Field
          "...The zone, or range of distances, within a scene that will record as sharp. It is one of the most creative and profound effects available to photographers..."
        Depth-of-Field Calculator INPUT Values include:
          "...Film format, digital camera, or custom circle of confusion for
            35mm thru 8x10 Film; Agfa; Canon; Casio; Contax; Epison; Fuji; HP;
            Kodak; Konica; Kyocerid; Leica; Minolta; Nikon; Olympus; Panasonic Lurnix;
            Pentax; Samsung; Signa; Sony Cyber Shot; CoC; etc.
          Actual lens focal length (mm); Selected aperture & Subject distance; etc..."
        For more information see DOFMaster

        DEPTH-OF-FIELD CALCULATION APPLET (JAVA APPLET) - Photo Zone, Germany VERY VERY EXTENSIVE.
        The Depth-of-Field
          "...is dependent on the OBJECT MAGNIFICATION ON THE FILM and the chosen aperture at a specific focal length..."
        Depth-of-Field Calculator
          "...will also calc the "Hyperfocal-Distance" represented by the first focus point where the Depth of Field covers the area between 1/2 of the H.-Distance up to infinity..."
        Depth-of-Field Calculator INPUT Values include:
          "...Focal Length;
          Focusing Distance;
          Circle-of-Confusion (0.03mm; 0.025mm; 0.02mm or 0.01mm);..."
        For more information see Technololgy or the Photo Zone



        DEPTH OF FIELD CALCULATORS - Giangrandi, Switzerland VERY EXTENSIVE.
        Depth of Field Calculators include:
          Calculator for Finding the Depth of Field for a given Lens and Aperture INPUT Values include:
            "...Focal Length; Aperture; Object Distance; Circle of Confusion..."
          Calculator for Finding the required Aperture for a given Depth of Field and a given Lens INPUT Values include:
            "...Focal Length; Far Depth of Field; Near Depth of Field; Circle of Confusion..."
        For more information see Optics or Giangrandi



        DEPTH-OF-FIELD CALCULATOR - B. Atkins VERY EXTENSIVE.
        Depth-of-Field Calculator INPUT Values include:
          "...Film Format
            35 mm Film; 1.3 x DSLR; 1.5 x DSLR; 1.6 x DSLR;
            6 x 6; 6 x 7; 6 x 9; 4 x 5; 5 x 7; 8 x 10; etc.
          Focal Length; f/no; Object Distance..."
        For more information see Technical Optics; Photography or Bob Atkins Photography



        DIGITAL CAMERA FLEXIBLE DEPTH OF FIELD CALCULATOR - Cambridge in Colour, Sean T. McHugh VERY EXTENSIVE.
        Available in English, French/Français, German/Deutsch, Italian/Italiano, Portuguese/Português & Russian.
        Flexible Depth of Field Calculator
          "...is more flexible than that in the depth of field tutorial because it adjusts for parameters such as viewing distance, print size and eyesight--thereby providing more control over what is "acceptably sharp" (maximum tolerable circle of confusion)..."
          "...As the viewing distance increases, our eyes become less able to perceive fine detail in the print, and so the depth of field increases (max. CoC increases). Conversely, our eyes can perceive finer detail as the print size increases, and so the depth of field decreases. A photo intended for close viewing at a large print size (such as in a gallery) will likely have a far more restrictive set of constraints than a similar image intended for display as a postcard or on a roadside billboard..."
        Digital Camera Depth of Field Calculator INPUT Values include
          "...Maximum Print Dimension; Viewing Distance, Eyesight;
          Camera Type (Digital SLR, Digital Compact, 35 mm, APS, etc.);
          Actual Lens Focal Length;
          Focus Distance to Subject..."
        For more information see Digital Photography or Cambridge in Colour





    Field of View




    Hyperfocal, Near Field & Far Field



    Lens




    Optical


      OPTICAL REALTED CALCULATORS & APPLETS

      OPTICAL CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS

        OPTICAL CALCULATOR - JML Optical Industries, Inc. VERY VERY VERY...EXTENSIVE.
        Optical Calculator Located on Right Hand Side.
        Optical Calculator
          "...allows the user to type in parameters and it calculates the answer of various optical and mathematical formulae used by the optical industry. You can obtain information such as Half angle, Focal length, Nodal point separation, Magnification, Sag, etc..."
        Examples from "18" Optical Calculators include
          "...Sag Equation Calculator;
          Needle Point Seperation Calculator;
          Totla Included Angle Calculator;
          Number of Rings Calculator; Hypontenuse Calculator;
          Diopters to Fringes Calculator;
          Radius Calculator;
          Total Conjugate Length Calculator;
          Wedge in mm over the given Diameter Calculator; etc..."
        For more information see JML Optical Industries, Inc.




    Film Development Database, Lessons, Technical Reports & Calculators


      FILM DEVELOPMENT DATABASES, TECHNICAL REPORST, LESSONS, ETC.

        PHOTOGRAPHIC TECHNICAL DATA INDEX - Digitaltruth Photo, Houston, Texas Multimedia Film Development Lessons (Text & Images). VERY VERY VERY...EXTENSIVE.
        Photographic Technical Data Index Subject Categories includes
          "...Camera; Toners; Intensifiers; Reducers; Ancillary; Print Developers;
          Film Developers
            General Purpose; Fine Grain; Ascorbic acid; High Acutance;
            Push Processing; High Contrast; Low Contrast/Soft-working;
            Tropical; Lantern Plate; etc..."
        For more information see Digitaltruth Photo



        THE MASSIVE DEVELOPMENT CHART - Digitaltruth Photo, Houston, Texas Multimedia Film Development Technical Reports (Text & Images). VERY VERY VERY...EXTENSIVE.
          Back & White (B/W) Film Development INPUT Values include
            Select from over "50" different Films
              "...Adox; Agfapan; APX; AGFA; Berger; Eastman; Efke; Fuji; Kodak; etc..."
            Select from over "60" different Developers
              "...Acutol; Atomal; Beutler; D-19; Dektol; Emofin; Hypercat; etc..."
          Back & White (B/W) Film Development OUTPUT Values include:
            "...Film; Developer; Dilution; ASA/ISO; 35mm; 120; Sheet; Temperature; Notes..."
        For more information see Digitaltruth Photo





    Panorama Production


      PANORAMA PRODUCTION CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS

        PANORAMA LENS CALCULATORS - James Rigg, Panoguide VERY EXTENSIVE.
        Panorama Lens Calculators are
          "...intended to help you work out the settings for your camera/lens..."
        Panorama Lens Calculators include:
          Camera Lens Calculator
            "...Lens Focal Length, Film Format, Field of View..."
          Film Scan Calculator
            "...Scan Resolution, Scan Size, Scan Accuracy, etc..."
        For more information see Panoguide





    35mm


      35MM CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS



    Digital Cameras


      DIGITAL CAMERA COURSES & LESSONS WITH CALCULATORS & APPLETS

        DIGITAL CAMERA - Cambridge in Colour, Sean T. McHugh Multimedia Digital Camera Lessons (Text, Images & Calculators). VERY VERY VERY...EXTENSIVE.
        Available in English, French, German, Italian, Portuguese & Russian.
        Digital Camera
          "...Learn how to take and edit digital photographs using visual tutorials that emphasize concept over procedure, independent of specific digital camera or lens. Topics range from basic camera tips to advanced techniques..."
        Examples of Digital Camera Subject Categories include
          Basics - Cameras
            "...Understanding Digital Camera Sensors;
            Understanding Camera Metering & Exposure;
            Choosing a Camera Lens Filter: Polarizers, UV, ND & GND; etc..."
          Basics - Imaging
            "...Understanding Digital Pixels: PPI, Dithering and Print Size;
            Understanding Bit Depth;
            Understanding Histograms: Tones & Contrast and Luminance & Color;
            Understanding Image Noise; etc..."
          Advanced Toptics
            "...Understanding Diffraction: Pixel Size, Aperture and Airy Disks;
            Using the High Dynamic Range (HDR) Feature in Photoshop CS2/CS3;
            Tilt/Shift Lenses: Using Shift Movements to Control Perspective;
            Photo Stitching Digital Panoramas; etc..."
        For more information see Cambridge in Colour




      DIGITAL CAMERA CALCULATORS & APPLETS

        DIGITAL CAMERA CALCULATOR - PanoShow VERY VERY EXTENSIVE.
        Digital Camera Calculator INPUT Values include:
          "...Select Camera (Canon, Kodak, Minolta, Nikon, etc.); etc..."
        Digital Camera Calculator OUTPUT values include:
          "...CCD active area size in millimeters; Pixel size in micrometers;
          Field of view in landscape mode, degrees;
          Field of view in portrait mode, degrees..."
        For more information see PanoShow


        DIGITAL CAMERA RESOLUTION: MEGAPIXEL CALCULATOR - Peter Forret VERY EXTENSIVE.
        Megapixel Calculator "...a tool to calculate and convert graphical resolution, image memory consumption and file sizes (JPG/TIF/RAW)..."
          Megapixel Calculator (Digital Camera Resolution Calculator) INPUT Values include:
            "...How many Pixels in a DVD image: Wide & High..."
          Megapixel Calculator (Digital Camera Resolution Calculator) OUTPUT values include:
            "...Aspect Ratio; File Size (Type, Filesize, Description & File Compression Estimations);
            Memory Card (Type, Filesize, etc.); Video (Type, 15, 24, 25 & 30 fps);
            Print Size (Type, Maximum Width & Height, Description)..."
        For more information see Web Tools by Peter Forret; Projects or Peter Forret's Home Page





    Broadcast Equipment - 35mm Still, 35mm Movie, Super 16mm Movie, etc.




    CCTV - Security Cameras



    Microscopy Cameras




    OEM Cameras


      OEM REALTED CALCULATORS & APPLETS



    Pinhole Cameras




    Photomicrography




    Telescope Cameras


      TELESCOPE REALTED CALCULATORS & APPLETS

      TELESCOPE CALCULATORS, APPLETS, ANIMATIONS & SIMULATIONS

        CCD IMAGING - Starizona Multimedia CCD Imaging Lessons & Calculators (Text & Images). VERY VERY VERY...EXTENSIVE.
        CCD Imaging Calculators include:
          Pixel Resolution & Field-of-View Calculator INPUT Values include
            "...CCD Camera (Apogee, AstroVid, Canon, FLI, MaxCam, Meade, etc.);
            Telescope (Astro-Physics, Celestron, INTES, etc.); Pixel Binning..."
          Equivalent Exposure Calculator INPUT Values include
            "...Original Luminance (L) Exposure; Original Red (R) Exposure;
            Original Green (G) Exposure; Original Blue (B) Exposure;
            Original CCD Camera; Original Telescope;
            Original Luminance Binning; New Telescope; etc..."
          Ideal Exposure Calculator INPUT Values include
            "...CCD Camera; Test Exposure Time in Minutes;
            Measured Background Value; Percent Contribution from Readout Noise..."
          Flat Field Value Calculator INPUT Values include
            "...CCD Camera; User Defined Full Well Capacity; User Defined System Gain..."
          Eyepiece Projection Calculator INPUT Values includes
            "...Original Telescope Focal Length; Original Telescope Focal Ratio; Eyepiece Focal Length; etc..."
        For more information see Guide to CCD Imaging or Starizona

          Examples of CCD Imaging Lessons include

            Basics of CCD Imaging
            Examples of "Basics of CCD Imaging" Subject Categories include
              "...Introduction to CCD Imaging; Basics of Taking CCD Images; Image Processing; etc..."

            Advanced CCD Techniques
            Examples of "Advanced CCD Techniques" Subject Categories include
              "...Acvanced CCD Equipment; Imaging Techniques; Image Processing; etc..."



        CALCULATOR FOR MAGNITUDE LIMITS FOR CCD & TELESCOPE - L. Bogan VERY VERY EXTENSIVE.
        Magnitude Limit of CCD Camera and Telescope Calculator
          "...determines the response of a telescope and CCD camera to given stars and seeing conditions..."
        Magnitude Limit of CCD Camera and Telescope Calculator INPUT Values include:
          "...Stellar Values: Star's Zenith Distance, V-band Magnitude, etc.;
          Site and Date; Phase and Postion of the Moon, Position of the Sun;
          Telescope and Detector
            Telescope Aperture, Diameter of Secondary Mirror, Number of Mirror surfaces, Pixel Size, Read Noise of CCD, Filter and CCD Parameters, etc...."
        For more information see Larry Bogan's Home Page





    Underwater Photography


      UNDERWATER PHOTOGRAPHY REALTED CALCULATORS & APPLETS

      UNDERWATER CAMERA COURSES

        UNDERWATER PHOTOGRAPHY GUIDE - Author: Scott Gietler, Santa Monica, California Multimedia Underwater Photography Guide (Text & Images). VERY VERY VERY...EXTENSIVE.
        Examples of "Underwater Photography Guide" Sections include
          "...Chapter Index
            Underwater Photography Equipment;
            Settings & Technical Info;
            Dome Ports and Wide-Angle Optics;
            Lighting and Strobes;
            Underwater Composition;
            Wide-Angle Photography;
            Macro Underwater Photography;
            Photographing Schools of Fish; etc.
          Underwater Cameras;
          Underwater Video Tutorials;
          Underwater Lenses; etc..."




        PHYSICS GEARBAG: UNDERWATER PHOTOGRAPHY - ScubaGeek Multimedia Underwater Photography Course (Text & Images). VERY VERY VERY...EXTENSIVE.
        Examples of Underwater Photography General Course Chapters include
          "...The Green Flash;
          Electrogenesis in Torpedo Rays;
          Hydrostatic Pressure at a Point;
          The Hydrostatic Paradox;
          Constancy of Wave Period;
          Particle Motion in Deep Water; etc..."
        Examples of Underwater Photography General Optics Course Chapters include
          "...Index of Refraction of Water;
          Refraction of Light by Water;
          External Reflection From a Water Surface;
          Internal Reflection From a Water Surface;
          Total Internal Reflection; etc...
        Examples of Underwater Photography Lens Optics Course Chapters include
          "...Diopter Focal Lengths and Powers;
          Diopters and Lens-to-Subject Distances;
          Closeup Lenses and Magnification;
          Diffraction and Photography;
          Underwater Magnifier;
          Underwater Spectacles;
          Effective Focal Lengths of a Lens and Plane Port;
          Field of View at a Planar Interface; etc..."










Canals, Ships, Maritime


Navigation


Real Time Ship Traffic & Location, Ports & Ships, Distance, Voyage Time


Marine Weather ~ Canal & Straits Tolls


Ship Registration Fees


Navigating Ports ~ River Navigating









Clocks, Watches, Sundials, Sun Compasses






Calculators On-Line Center, Part I:A-E

Calculators On-Line Center ~ Home Page



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